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Compiling the examples for Linux

In order to build the examples on Linux you first need some dependencies installed on your system. All of the needed dependencies are common in Linux distributions so you'll probably find everything needed through your distribution's package manager. The name of the packages vary slightly from distribution to another so you'll might need to search for the specific names a little.

The build scripts available for Linux use cmake so you have to have that installed. In addition you need a bunch of other usual build tools like gcc, libc, make and possibly others. The Linux version uses SDL so you'll also need some development packages for SDL. It's usually called SDL-devel and in order to hear sounds you'll also need SDL_mixer-devel. This is not a complete list of the dependencies so you might need to try if the building succeeds and if not then install some more dependencies. Sometimes the build process outputs a sane error message that tells what is missing, sometimes it doesn't. Good luck :-P

Compiling and running RTBareBones

This is the process I follow when compiling the examples. You may vary this to your needs if you want since cmake is quite flexible in what it can do. But it's a safe bet to follow these quidelines if you are not yet too familiar with cmake.

It's a good practice to do so called out-of-source builds. This way the compiled object and other files don't pollute the source directory but instead they are put to a directory of their own. With cmake out-of-source builds are really easy.

So fire up your console and let's start typing.

First let's make a directory where the building will happen.

cd RTBareBones/linux
mkdir build

Then enter that directory, call cmake and then make.

cd build
cmake ..

The argument to cmake (..) tells where it's supposed to search for the CMakeLists.txt build file that tells it what to do. If you make your build directory somewhere else than shown above you would need to adjust this argument accordingly but other than that the process should be exactly the same as here.

If the build finishes without errors you'll end up with a binary called rtbarebones in the build directory. In the process cmake has created a bunch of subdirectories and files but you don't need to care about these - let cmake do its stuff.

In order to run the compiled program you'll need to change to the directory which contains the images and other resources and execute the binary from there. This way the program can find the resources and load them correctly.

cd ../../bin

Now you should see the application window.

Compiling and running the other examples

The compilation process for the other examples is exactly the same that what was explained for RTBareBones above. But in addition the other examples than RTBareBones need resources to be built as explained here: Compiling RTSimpleApp. You can do this resource building in Linux as well. The difference is that you need to compile the RTPack tool before it can be done.

Compiling RTPack is a similar process to compiling the examples. The build script here is also for cmake. There is a helper script that chooses a correct build directory for you so that the resource building in future steps will go smoothly. Do these commands in your console:

cd tools/RTPack

The resulting binary called RTPack will appear to a subdirectory called build. Let it stay there.

Now let's build RTSimpleApp just like RTBareBones:

cd RTSimpleApp/linux
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..

Next we'll build the resources. There is a helper script available that can be used in Linux to do this. There are similar helper scripts for Windows as well. The difference is that while there is a separate Windows script called update_media.bat for each example there is only one script for Linux that tries to take care of all the examples.

Run the script and see it do its job:

cd ../../media

This will convert the fonts and images to correct format and copy the converted resources to the bin directory of the example. Next you can run the example:

cd ../bin

The rest of the examples can be compiled and run in a similar way.

How works

The resource building script goes to the subdirectories of the media directory and converts fonts and images to the Proton format. It uses a configuration file called texture_conversion_flags.txt that contains options for converting the images. The examples' media directories already contain these configuration files but if you'll build your own applications and want to use this system make sure you have these files in place.

Debug builds and other tricks

The process described above for building the examples produces a binary that can be called a release build. We didn't give any special instructions for cmake so it chose the default settings. Especially the binary doesn't contain any debug symbols so it's not really suitable for a debugger. Luckily doing debug builds with cmake is quite easy.

Let's use the RTBareBones as an example. This is one place where the out-of-source builds used above come handy. You already have a release build made to a directory RTBareBones/linux/build. You can let the release build be there and do a debug build to another directory like this:

cd RTBareBones/linux
mkdir build-debug
cd build-debug
cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug ..

Now you have the debug and release builds in separate subdirectories and they don't mess with each other. You can off course have more subdirectories to different kinds of builds as you desire.


You basically only have to run cmake manually once per build directory. After that you can just run make. If the CMakeLists.txt file has been changed it is noticed by the build scripts and cmake is run automatically with the same parameters as it was run the first time.


proton/linux_setup.1330257586.txt.gz · Last modified: 2012/02/26 11:59 by aki